A coalition of environmental groups says Florida’s algae outbreaks and subsequent marine life die-offs are so severe that the Leon Circuit Court should immediately act to make sure Florida spends land conservation money the way voters directed it to four years ago. They filed a motion in court Wednesday to make that happen.
In 2014, 75 percent of voters approved Amendment 1, the Water and Land Conservation amendment, to the Florida Constitution. Under the amendment, the state was supposed to use proceeds from an existing tax on real estate transactions to buy and manage conservation lands. When the state environmental agencies started using the money for salaries, equipment, and other things besides buying land, conservationists sued. The state fought back, arguing that agencies have more latitude in the way they spend the money voters approved for conservation.
In June, Circuit Judge Charles Dodson ruled in the environmental groups’ favor. He said that the state must mend its ways and instead spend the money on conservation. He said he’d read the amendment over hundreds of times and the only conclusion was that the Water and Land Conservation amendment’s purpose was clear – “to create a trust fund to purchase new conservation lands and take care of them.”
Instead of abiding by the ruling, the state’s lawyers appealed. That appeal put a hold – or stay – on the judge’s ruling.
Wednesday, the environmental groups asked the court to lift the stay – and said one of the only ways to stop pollution from fueling toxic algae is to buy conservation land to prevent pollution and protect waterways.
If the stay is not lifted, the groups said in their motion, “the Legislature can continue to spend Land Acquisition Trust Fund moneys on agency operations and for other purposes instead of buying land to address the toxic algae emergency. Failure to vacate the automatic stay threatens irreparable harm to the citizens and the economy of Florida. “
The groups include the Florida Wildlife Federation, the Sierra Club, the, St. Johns Riverkeeper, the Environmental Confederation of Southwest Florida, and Florida Defenders of the Environment. The non-profit law firm Earthjustice is handling much of the litigation, along with attorneys David Guest and Joseph Little.